The human thyroid is a very vital gland present near your throat which controls your overall metabolism. It has an abstract shape, is ductless and works 24/7 to produce hormones like T4 and T3, that regulate growth, development and metabolism.
Unfortunately, like any other part of the body, the thyroid gland can also suffer from different ailing conditions, and there are two of these that are linked to joint and muscle pain – hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
Both these conditions – hypo and hyperthyroidism are linked with myopathies – or diseases affecting skeletal muscles. Below we will be discussing both these conditions in detail along with their respective links with joint pain issues.
Here’s an introductory video that also explains the difference between Hypo and Hyperthyroidism:
Hypothyroidism and joint pain
Hypothyroidism is the condition in which your thyroid gland lags behind in meeting the body’s demand for hormones and the consequently decreased T3 and T4 levels result in several issues.
The resulting muscle and joint pains are usually due to muscle swelling that follows hypothyroidism. Some of the prevailing issues include general weakness, pain, cramps and stiffness.
Tendonitis of the arms and legs and syndromes like the carpal tunnel syndrome and the tarsal tunnel syndrome are also severe issues that arise from hypothyroidism.
There can be a number of causes that lead to hypothyroidism, but the most common include surgical damage due to medical procedures, attacks due to autoimmune diseases and side-effects of radiation treatment.
Hyperthyroidism and joint pain
Hyperthyroidism is the opposite condition of hypothyroidism, in which the thyroid gland actually produces more T3 and T4 than the body requires. This is also known as the Graves’ disease, and is also a cause of muscle and joint pain issues.
Mainly, people suffering from hyperthyroidism start losing their muscle strength and consequently their joints also undergo additional stress, something that is evident in their difficulty with tasks like climbing stairs and gripping objects.
Treatments for Thyroid related joint pain
Proper treatment for thyroid related conditions can help alleviate any joint pain and similar symptoms. Hormone replacement therapy is one of the most common treatments where regulation of thyroid hormones can resolve joint pain and muscle aches.
You may also want to consult a rheumatologist who will be able to advise combination medicines or treatments to battle joint pain issues.
If despite the treatments you receive for your thyroid conditions your joint pain does not subside, you may want to consider alternate treatments including massages, use of supplements and painkillers and acupuncture treatments, which have been known to help alleviate joint pain and discomfort.
Do you suffer from hypo or hyperthyroidism and face joint pain issues? We would love to hear your feedback, concerns and suggestions on the topic.